The Great Wildebeest Migration
Serengeti and Maasai Mara are the two biggest national parks in the World. Serengeti geographical region spreads across an area of 30,000 square miles; the Kenyan part of Serengeti is often known as Maasai Mara. Maasai-Serengeti ecosystem spread to an area of 25,000 square miles, hosting a large species of mammals, reptiles, birds, and African Savannas. More than that, Maasai Mara is the home of largest population of African Lions. People coming to Maasai Mara National park, can see all the Big Five species of Mammals including African Lions, Elephants, Cape buffaloes, African Leopards, and White/Black Rhinos.
The Largest Terrestrial Migration of Animals
“Serengit” is a word from the “Maa” language, meaning “endless plains”; In Serengeti the live never stop, the plains of Serengeti take life from the one corner of the Africa back to the same place at the end of the year. The Serengeti natural reserve hosts the largest migration of African mammals, i.e. Wildebeest, Thomson’s Gazelles, Zebras, and Buffaloes, from the plains of Serengeti in Tanzania to the Maasai Mara region in Kenya. The migration starts is enlisted in the 7 natural wonders of Africa. The migration of animals is a natural phenomenon, due to lack of water, animals start their migration from Tanzania Serengeti plains onward to the Grumeti and Mara river near the Kenyan border. Many die in the migration because of lack of food, water, and predation.
Raining and excessive water during the month of January and February bring helps in grazing of mammals and other African animals. Mating in the raining season bring lives to thousands of calves and young ones of Wildebeest and other African herbivores. Wildebeest and common African Antelopes brought lives to thousands of calves and young ones; some strive to live for the next season, while a few fall prey to the predation by common African carnivores.
The Great Migration of Animals
As the raining season ends in March, Wildebeest start to move onward to the much greener region of the Serengeti national park in Tanzania. Continuous predation kills a lot more population of Thomson Gazelles, Wildebeest, and other Antelopes in Africa. During the start of May, shortening of Greenland force the herbivore species to move onward to the plains near the Grumeti River and further ahead to the Mara river on the side of Kenyan-Tanzania Border. Crossing of Mara River usually begins in July to the end of September. At Mara River, dozens of crocodiles are waiting there to hunt the population of Wildebeest and African Antelopes; those who won their battle against the crocodile of the Mara River, proceed onward to the Maasai Mara national park. At the end of the year, the migration move backward again to the South in the much greener plains of Serengeti National Park, this circular migration never ends, and that is the reason why common people call Serengeti as “endless plains”. According to an estimate, 1.2 million Wildebeest dies on the journey to the Maasai Mara national park in Kenya, and the death of the Thomson’s Gazelles is counted to an approximate of 470,000 each year.