The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world, covering over an area of 7,000,000 square kilometers. While a large portion of the forest lies in Brazil, it is further spread across eight other countries of the World including Perú, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. Amazon represents a large ecosystem for the life on earth, including flora and fauna. There are 16000 species of trees in the forest and tree count is 360 billion individual trees in the area of the forest.
10 fun facts about Amazon Rainforest
Today, people will be learning about a few facts about the Amazon rainforest that they didn’t know before. In addition, people will also find about some the common animals found in the forest and the places where people can find them. Below are the facts about the tropical rain forest of the Amazon.
- Amazon Rainforest is the largest Rainforest in the World
Spreading across 9 countries of South America, the forest covers an area of 7000,000 square kilometers. 60% of the forest lies in Brazil while the rest lies in the countries of Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
- Sahara dust fertilize the Amazon
It is a surprising news that 56% dust that fertilizes Amazon Rainforest comes from Bodélé Depression in Northern Chad in the Sahara desert. The dust from Sahara desert contains phosphorous important for the plants growth in the forest.
One in every ten species of animals in the World lives in the Amazon rainforest. 2.5 million Insect species have been found in the forest. There are 40000 plant species, 2200 fishes, 1294 birds, 427 mammals’ species, 428 amphibians, and 378 species of reptiles in the forest of Amazon.
There are many dangerous wild animals in the Amazon including black caiman, electric eel, cougar, anaconda, and jaguar and piranha species.
Travelers to the forest should know that it can be a deadly forest because many species of wildlife in the Amazon can spread diseases such as Vampire bat bites may result in rabies; similarly, there is the risk of malaria, yellow fever, and Dengue fever in the forest.
Due to human activities such as deforestation, Amazon might disappear from the earth’s surface after a span of 40 years.
- The forest floor is completely dark in a cloudy atmosphere
Only 1% of sunlight makes it through the trees of the tropical forest; therefore, the forest floor is almost dark, especially if there are clouds on the sky.
- Amazon has a cooling effect on our ecosystem
Trees absorb huge amounts of heat from the sun and Amazon got plenty of them; therefore, the forest brought a cooling effect on our ecosystem.
- Dust from rainforest has nothing to do with farming
Rainforest land has nothing to do with farming; trees will leave behind a land that might not support the plant growth in it.
- Fruit species
There are about 3000 fruit species in the forest. Western countries only use 300 food species, while the local tribes around the forest use 2000 of them.
- Food we eat
About 80% of the food that we daily eat comes from rainforests. Some common foods from the forests are coffee, chocolate, rice, tomatoes, banana, potatoes, pineapples, corns etc.
- Deforestation is a killer of animal species
With continuous deforestation, every day we are exterminating 137 species of the Amazon rainforest.